Grow Your Own Medicine – Lavender


Lavender has been used medicinally for thousands of years. It’s also an attractive plant for borders, pathways and rockeries and quite easy to grow. Mim shares an extract of her latest book, Grow Your Own Medicine to inspire you to get some into your garden.

There is no smell quite as good as a field of lavender in bloom. (Except perhaps chocolate.) Lavender has been used as perfume, cosmetic, culinary herb and medicine for thousands of years. The word itself is derived from the Latin lavare, to wash or bathe, because lavender water is what the hygiene-conscious ancient Romans used to cleanse their bodies. Lavender’s sharp, unique fragrance lifts the mood and soothes the soul to this day.

At a glance

How easy to grow


Part used


Goes well with

For sleep – California poppy, hops or valerian
For calm kava or passionflower

Also known as

Lavandula angustifolia (formerly officinalis), English lavender

How to use

Tea, tincture, capsule, essential oil, infused oil

Climate zones


Companion plants

Cabbages, roses



Medicinal uses

Both the essential oil and flowers are used medicinally. Small amounts of essential oil are applied externally for headaches, skin conditions and in massage lotions for stress and anxiety. Tea or tincture made from the flowers is taken internally for the same conditions. Linalool is the naturally occurring substance in lavender that is calming for the mind and body, as it acts as a tonic for anxiety, a gentle sedative and an antispasmodic for the muscles and bowel. The oil can be applied as an antiseptic and insect repellent.

Good for


Headaches, depression, stress, anxiety, insomnia, colic, flatulence


Using the essential oil, infused oil or cream, skin conditions, stings, burns, cuts, headaches, insect repellent


Essential lavender oil should never be taken internally. Avoid ingesting lavender during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

How to use it


Tea, tincture capsule


The essential oil of lavender contains more of the active aromatic compound, linalool, than an infused oil. Adding a few drops of the essential oil to infused oil will enhance the benefits. Essential oil in an aromatherapy burner will help calm nerves. Neat oil can also help heal stings, bites and scratches, as can lavender cream. Adding a few drops (essential oil) or a few teaspoons (infused oil) to massage oil or lotion is an excellent way to encourage full-body lavender healing. Likewise, adding some to the bath before bed will improve sleep quality.

Adding lavender’s fragrance to clothes

Plant a clump of lavender bushes beside the clothes line so you can easily drape handkerchiefs and underwear over it, and they will get saturated with the scent of lavender. Cut twenty to thirty long stems of lavender flower, dry them, tie with purple ribbon and keep this posy in your linen and clothes drawers for year-long fragrance as well as pest control.

Growing your own

The best lavender grows in well-drained, chalky or alkaline soils. Plant in full sun and prune hard each year to prevent the bush becoming unattractive and leggy, which it will do eventually and will need to be replaced every few years. However, make sure you don’t cut into the old wood: prune to a couple of centimetres above. Lavender bushes need fertilising once a year and prefer to be under- rather than overwatered. Lavender attracts bees to the garden and repels moths and ants. Propagation is from cuttings.