Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common nutritional deficiency in Australia. Women are most at risk during their reproductive years, as iron is lost in blood during menstruation.
- Each person needs approximately 2mg of iron in each day.
- The average western diet contains 10 - 15mg of iron. However, iron is poorly absorbed, somewhere between 5 - 10%. So, this means you need to eat foods containing at least 20mg of iron each day in order to reach the recommended amount.
- Absorption of iron can be improved by adding vitamin C rich foods, such as squeezing lemon juice over vegetables or adding tomatoes, capsicums to a meal. Berries and most fruit have vitamin C, which makes the ideal dessert.
|Sources of iron||Amount of iron per 100g of food|
|Silverbeet and spinach||3.0mg|
|Sesame seeds and tahini||5.2mg|