Dandruff

Dandruff is a condition whereby the skin of the scalp sheds in white scales. Dandruff is not contagious, nor is it a sign of poor hygiene, but it can be a cause of sartorial concern for those who prefer dark-co..

Degenerative Joint Disease

See Arthritis (/health-encyclopaedia/arthritis-osteoarthritis), Osteoarthritis (/health-encyclopaedia/arthritis-osteoarthritis)..

Depression

For a rainbow to be a rainbow, all the colours must be there – from bright yellow to sombre indigo. A depressed mood is part of being human, but depression is more than just a mood. Depression is as much physio..

Dermatitis

See Eczema, Dermatitis (/health-encyclopaedia/eczema-dermatitis) ..

Diabetes

Formerly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes, type 2 diabetes is a condition where the blood-sugar levels are high. It affects around 250 million people worldwide, mostly in affluent countries where people ..

Diarrhoea

The Aztec two-step and Montezuma’s revenge sound like a heap of fun, unless it’s you. Diarrhoea is the frequent passing of watery faeces and it’s nature’s way of ridding the body of toxins. Pronto. If you have ..

Digestion, Poor

See Flatulence and Bloating (/health-encyclopaedia/flatulence-bloating) ..

Diverticulitis

Diverticulosis is a condition whereby small pockets or pouches appear within the colon. If these pockets become inflamed and infected, the condition escalates to becoming a diverticulitis attack. Your -osis has..

Duodenal Ulcer

See Stomach Ulcer (/health-encyclopaedia/stomach-ulcer) ..

Dysmenorrhoea

See Period, Painful (/health-encyclopaedia/period-painful) ..

Dyspepsia

See Heartburn (/health-encyclopaedia/heartburn) ..

Ear Infections

The causative germ for an ear infection can be viral, bacterial or possibly fungal, in which case it becomes the equivalent of ‘jock itch’ of the ear or ‘ear thrush’. Infection of the middle ear (otitis media) ..

Eczema, Dermatitis

Eczema is an inflammatory skin condition that can present itself in many guises. Eczema can be so mild as to be virtually unnoticeable – such as an inoffensive pink patch – or it can affect you so sev..

Emphysema

Emphysema is a condition involving permanent damage to the architecture of the lungs. A loss of tissue elasticity and destruction of alveoli (the oxygen exchange centres), means that breathing..

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition where endometrial cells (the cells that line the uterus and are shed during menstruation), are found outside the uterus and even outside the abdominal cavity. It is estimated that 1..

Fatigue

What Is It? Many people drag themselves around every day feeling like something the cat brought in. On a scale of 1 to 10 (where 10 is full of beans), how would you rate your energy? Anywhere under 7 is just..

Flatulence & Bloating

A fart (flatus) is made up of several gases (hydrogen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and the flammable and smelly methane). A certain amount of flatulence is normal (between 200–2 400 ml daily). A source o..

Flu

See Colds and Flu (/health-encyclopaedia/colds-flu) ..

Fluid Retention

See Premenstrual Syndrome (/health-encyclopaedia/premenstrual-syndrome-pms) ..

Folliculitis

See Boils (/health-encyclopaedia/boils) ..